Allah (SWT) says in Al-Qur’an, “Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down Al-Qur’an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgement (Between right and wrong)”. (Al-Qur’an 2:185)
The entire month of Ramadan is in essence a celebration of Al-Qur’an’s revelation, which is described as a “Guide and Mercy for those who do good.” (Al-Qur’an 31:3). Ramadan celebrates God’s Mercy by which He sent a guiding light in Al-Qur’an that leads human life towards the path of good and virtue and protects the human soul from evil and vice. Al-Qur’an is life, spirit, salvation, happiness, reward and recompense. It is a divine teaching, a constitution and eternal wisdom.
Prophet (pbuh) said, “Read Al-Qur’an for surely it will be an intercessor for you on the Day of Judgement”. (Sahih Muslim Book 4 No 1757)
In his final year, the Prophet (pbuh) recited the Al-Qur’an twice in Ramadan. Muslims should try to read the entire Al-Qur’an at least once during Ramadan.
Many others read or recite Al-Qur’an during Taraweeh Prayers (Ramadan nightly prayers), which are held only during Ramadan, or in private late night Prayers called Tahajjud.
However the common practice these days is that Taraweeh prayers are rushed in order to complete Al-Qur’an. This goes against the teaching of Islam as Allah (SWT) says in Al-Qur’an: “and recite Al-Qur’an in slow, measured rhythmic tones.” (73:4). Commenting on this Ibn Kathir says this means “recite it slowly, for that will help in understanding Al-Qur’an and contemplating it. This is how the Prophet (pbuh) used to recite”. Although it is desirable to complete Al-Qur’an in Ramadan to follow the sunnah, it should be read with understanding and contemplation in order to draw closer to Allah (SWT) by increasing our guidance insh’Allah.
The Prophet (pbuh) said “Fast three days a month.” ‘Abdullah said, “I am able to fast more than that.” They kept on arguing on this matter till the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Fast on alternate days, and recite the whole Qur’an once a month.” ‘Abdullah said, “I can recite more (in a month),” and the argument went on till the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Recite the Qur’an once each three days.” (i.e. you must not recite the whole Qur’an in less than three days). (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 31, No. 199)
Therefore we are encouraged to read Al-Qur’an often but should not try to complete it in less than seven days as we should be learning from it and implementing Allah (SWT)’s commands and laws into our lives. Therefore we should not just read it without meaning.
Muslims who cannot read Arabic well, should spend some time each day listening to a tape or CD of Al-Qur’an being recited. Muslims consider Ramadan to be a good time to get into the habit of reading at least some of Al-Qur’an or its translation every day, and if they haven’t read either of them cover to cover, Ramadan is the time to do it.